The best potato varieties for central Russia

Potatoes are considered the most popular crop for self-cultivation in the country or in the garden. In addition, this culture in our country is practically the second bread. Therefore, every gardener strives to choose tasty and fruitful potatoes. In this article you will find the best potato varieties for central Russia with photos and descriptions, tips for caring for the crop.

Types of potato varieties

Every year, agronomists develop new varieties. They can be divided into several types:

  1. Canteens. It is these varieties that are most often grown on their personal plot. Table varieties are used for food and have excellent taste.
  2. Fodder. These varieties contain a high level of protein, so they are best suited for feeding livestock.
  3. Technical. They are used for the preparation of alcohol and starch.
  4. Universal. Can be used for all of the above purposes.

In addition, potato varieties can be categorized by ripening time. This must be taken into account, because not everyone has time to mature in the middle lane. Types of potatoes by ripening period:

  1. Early. Potatoes ripen within 50-65 days. Most often used for summer consumption. They are not suitable for long-term storage.
  2. Medium early. Ripening occurs in 65-85 days. The fruits of these varieties can be used for food in the summer, as well as for storage in the winter. However, it is necessary to store such varieties in winter only in rooms where a constant temperature regime is maintained.
  3. Mid-season. Potatoes can be harvested 85-95 days after planting. These varieties are most often used for planting in the middle lane – they grow well and are stored for a long time.
  4. Medium late. Ripening occurs 95-110 days after planting in the ground.
  5. Late. For late varieties, it will take at least 95 days to ripen. Late varieties of potatoes for the middle lane should not be used.
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In addition, varieties should be selected based also on the type of soil, planting time and the taste of a particular variety.

See also: “How to process potatoes before planting from wireworm and Colorado potato beetle”

The most suitable potato varieties for central Russia

The best potato varieties for central Russia should have a good taste, high yield and resistance to temperature fluctuations and adverse weather conditions. Let’s consider the most popular ones.

Zhukovsky early

It belongs to one of the earliest varieties. Its peculiarity is its very good taste. The fruits have a flat surface. The color of the tubers is pink. The advantage is the almost complete absence of waste in cooking. When boiled, such potatoes do not turn blue. Grows well in any soil and at low temperatures.

Potatoes are resistant to wet rot, various viruses and other diseases. Produces a good harvest even in dry summers. Tubers are perfectly stored in almost any conditions. And the yield of the variety can reach 1,5 tons from one hundred square meters.

Bryansk early

An early versatile variety. Differs in good taste. The tubers are oval and have a white skin. The eyes are superficial, so the waste is minimal during cleaning. Tuberization occurs even at relatively low temperatures.

To increase yields, the variety requires loosening, hilling and the use of mineral fertilizers. At the same time, the harvest can reach 1,2 tons per hundred square meters. Suitable for growing on almost any soil. Potatoes can be used for long-term storage.

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The best potato varieties for central Russia

Zarya

It belongs to the early varieties. Possesses good taste. The variety is resistant to cancer, viruses and bacterial infections. Tubers are white, round and with small eyes.

If the potatoes are planted early, then when the temperature drops, the seedlings must be covered with earth. This prevents the bushes from freezing and also stimulates additional root formation, which increases yields. This variety can be stored at any temperature.

The best potato varieties for central Russia

Aspia

It is a mid-season variety that is used for food. The tubers are round and have small eyes. The fruits of this variety are white. Potatoes do not darken after cooking. The variety perfectly tolerates moisture deficiency, thanks to its well-developed root system.

Also, this variety tolerates temperature extremes well, and is resistant to late blight, scab and other diseases. The tubers are perfectly stored throughout the winter. This variety can be pre-germinated in a humid environment to produce a very early harvest.

The best potato varieties for central Russia

Price

Medium early white and round potatoes. The eyes are located at the top of the fruit. The pulp is white and tasty. Potatoes are perfectly stored at any temperature and are suitable for transportation. Can be grown on any soil.

If the recommendations are followed, the yield of the variety can reach 1,2 tons per hundred square meters. Tubers of this variety are stored for a very long time. The variety is resistant to viruses and pests.

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The best potato varieties for central Russia

Nevsky

One of the most popular medium early potato growths. The popularity is due to the excellent taste, as well as the excellent presentation. Therefore, many agronomists use it for cultivation for sale.

Subject to planting norms and care rules, the yield can reach 1,3 tons per hundred square meters. Potatoes tolerate temperature changes well and are resistant to most diseases. The bushes have a good root system, so it gives a good harvest even in dry summers.

The best potato varieties for central Russia

Good luck

One of the most successful potato varieties. It is a table variety with excellent taste and is suitable for consumption in summer and winter. The tubers are white and oval in shape. The variety contains a lot of starch and protein, so it can also be used for livestock feed. Also, young potato tubers contain a lot of vitamin C, so it is good for children.

Young potatoes can be harvested at the beginning of June. This variety tolerates various diseases well, including cancer and phytophthora. In addition, it is practically not damaged by Colorado beetles. The variety is well kept and has practically no waste. The yield can reach 1,5 tons.

The best potato varieties for central Russia

Reserve

Medium early table variety. It is popular for its excellent taste. This variety has a good presentation and resistance to mechanical damage, therefore it is popular for growing for sale.

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Potatoes are resistant to late blight, cancer and viral infections. Can be grown in a variety of soils and arid regions. In addition, the crop tolerates well both excess moisture and hot summers. The yield of this variety can reach a record 1,5 tons per hundred square meters. Potatoes contain a lot of starch, so when boiled, they crumble and do not turn blue.

The best potato varieties for central Russia

Bulletin

Mid-season table variety with a high yield. The fruits are white and round. They have small eyes. It has a high starch and protein content, therefore it is suitable for eating and feeding livestock.

It is resistant to various diseases and mechanical damage. It is practically not affected by late blight, cancer and other diseases. Stores well.

The best potato varieties for central Russia

Effect

A mid-early variety that is used for food in summer and winter. The fruits are white and oval. To get a good early harvest, it is necessary to introduce fertilizers into the soil. Differs in good transportability and resistance to late blight, cancer and other diseases.

The best potato varieties for central Russia

Lugovskoy

Mid-season variety with excellent taste and high yield. Contains a lot of starch, so the potatoes crumble during cooking. Can also be used for livestock feed. If the potatoes are pre-germinated, fed and adhered to all growing norms, the yield can reach 1,4 tons per hundred square meters.

Potatoes can be eaten in summer and also stored. The advantage is the ability to store potatoes even at room temperature.

The best potato varieties for central Russia

Blue

One of the most delicious varieties of table potatoes. Differs in resistance to late blight, temperature extremes and moisture deficit. Young potatoes contain a lot of vitamin C, so they are very healthy. It can be grown on almost any soil. During the flowering period, flowers need to be removed. If you pre-germinate the tubers, you can increase the yield by 20-30%.

The best potato varieties for central Russia

Spring

A mid-season variety that can be used as food and also for livestock feed. It can be grown in any region, regardless of the type of soil. Differs in excellent taste, as well as resistance to bacterial rot and late blight. The tubers are well stored and resistant to mechanical damage.

The best potato varieties for central Russia

Resource

Mid-season table variety. The tubers are white and oval in shape. If you properly prepare potatoes for planting, they can give a very good harvest even in cool regions, they have excellent taste, as well as the ability to store even at room temperature. Tubers are resistant to late blight, lack and excess of moisture.

The best potato varieties for central Russia

To get tasty and productive potatoes for the middle lane, the description of the variety will allow you to choose the best option for any soil. In this case, you can get the maximum yield even with temperature extremes, drought or excessive humidity.

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See also: “Growing potatoes wisely, without weeding and hilling”

 

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Anna Evans

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