What to do if the rabbit has a swollen stomach and what is the best medicine to use?

Bloating in rabbits is a pathology very familiar to veterinarians. It can indicate the presence of various diseases, and have a different degree of danger. In order to eliminate the risk of losing the animal, it is necessary to take adequate therapeutic actions. Delay in this matter often causes death, both for adults and rabbits.

What to do if the rabbit has a swollen stomach and what is the best medicine to use?

The nature of the problem

Experts in rabbit breeding know that rabbits do not have the most perfect digestive system, which is caused by insufficient gastrointestinal muscular development. Usually the movement of food through the gastrointestinal tract is carried out only due to swallowing movements. Bloating in a rabbit or tympania; spasm of channels and stagnation of food, i.e. gastrointestinal stasis; accumulation of gases or flatulence; other dysfunctions of the digestive organs very often occur when breeding these fur-bearing animals.

Intestinal problems in an animal may have a different etiological mechanism, but all causes ultimately lead to a violation of the microflora in the intestine, the onset of the fermentation process and the appearance of gastrointestinal instability. A swollen stomach is a dangerous disease that can lead to a complete stop in the functioning of the digestive system. If the necessary measures are not taken, then the violations cover the liver and cardiovascular system, the general condition of the animal deteriorates sharply and death can occur.

What to do if the rabbit has a swollen stomach and what is the best medicine to use?

Pathology comes unexpectedly, and the stomach swells rapidly, and a completely healthy animal is on the verge of death in 2-3 days, and it dies painfully. There are cases when rabbit breeders noted the mass death of animals due to improper feeding and the ingestion of poor-quality feed into their food.

Etiological features

The etiological mechanism of rabbit bloating is mainly associated with malnutrition, excessive hypotension, stressful situations and some diseases of animals. Swollen bowel problems can be caused by the following reasons

  • Wrong diet. Some fruits and vegetables in any form can cause bloating (white cabbage, legumes, bulbous varieties of plants), especially if a rabbit tries them. The situation is aggravated by poor-quality feed – the presence of mold, rotten food, frozen feed, or vice versa, excessively heated vegetation (including from sunlight), plants after pesticide treatment. The intestines may swell as a result of fermentation, and this is caused by a rapid transition to feeding on fresh grass after a long period of feeding on silage and hay; use of rotten hay and poorly dried grass. The process of rabbit digestion is worsened by hard plant elements. Animals can get sick when eating dry food with a low fiber content, but excessively high in calories and enriched with protein. It is bad when rabbits are given very wet food, and it is completely detrimental for them to get wool into their food.
  • Dental pathology in animals. In their presence, the nutrition of animals becomes irregular, and the rabbits themselves lean more on soft food with a low fiber content. As a result of this problem, the intestinal microflora is disturbed.
  • Behavior hypotension. Insufficient mobility of the animal, especially in the presence of excessive body weight, leads to a deterioration in the functioning of the digestive system and a decrease in intestinal tone. Food begins to stagnate in the intestines, which leads to disease. Often this phenomenon is found during long-term transportation or keeping animals in a cramped cage.
  • Infectious diseases of a bacterial and parasitic nature can cause intestinal obstruction. Chronic constipation in an animal leads to the same result. In this case, the cranial intestinal section is swollen.
  • stressful situations. Any unexpected phenomena and sudden changes in the conditions of detention can disrupt digestive functions.
  • climate factor. The influence of abnormal weather conditions is also noted as possible causes of the considered pathology. The strongest influence is exerted by hot weather and stuffiness in the rabbitry.

Symptomatic features

If bloating is found in rabbits, then the causes and treatment should be determined by the veterinarian, especially since sufficiently pronounced symptoms help to identify the pathology. The disease develops rapidly. The animal stops passing food through the intestines. He suffers from flatulence. A painful condition sets in, which causes wild fear in the animal. The rabbit stops eating and drinking, lies down, without moving, in the corner of the rabbitry. There is a noticeable trembling of the whole body, teeth grinding, there is a significant decrease in temperature.

What to do if the rabbit has a swollen stomach and what is the best medicine to use?

A swollen belly in a sick animal is visually noticeable, while the eyes protrude, and characteristic sounds in the intestines can be heard. One of the characteristic signs of the disease in question is the cessation of the defecation process. There may be no stool at all for 11-13 hours, which looks very strange given the frequent bowel movements in the normal state. In some individuals, defecation proceeds, but the feces take the form of very small balls.

When a rabbit’s stomach is swollen, the intestines compress the diaphragm, which significantly affects the respiratory process. Under such circumstances, the animals appear rapid breathing. Increasing liver dysfunction and circulatory disorders are noted as a concomitant manifestation of tympania. As a result of stagnation of food in the intestine, a favorable environment is created for the reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms, various infections. Having overcome the walls of the intestines, they enter the bloodstream, provoking sepsis and death for rabbits.

Principles of treatment of pathology

What to do and give if the rabbit’s stomach is swollen? Most importantly, emergency measures must be taken, and it is better when a specialist provides them. In the absence of a veterinarian, the rabbit breeder himself should provide urgent assistance to the animal. Rabbits should be treated for bloating with medication, massage, enemas, and proper nutrition.

Massage is carried out by stroking in the abdomen for 6-12 minutes every 1,5-2,5 hours. Massage movements are carried out carefully and smoothly, and the effort is determined in a practical way – to such an extent that the animal calmly perceives the impact. During this procedure, the removal of gases from the intestines is ensured.

Experts recommend 2 main massage methods

  • the animal is laid on its knees so that it cannot burp, and stroking movements are provided in the direction from the neck to the base of the tail;
  • the animal is placed on its paws, and the abdomen is massaged by hand in the same way as in the previous version.

An enema is necessary to free the intestines from accumulated food. The tool is filled with warm water with the addition of a laxative. As a rule, a medicine based on mineral oil is used. You can prepare a solution for such a procedure by adding magnesium sulfate to the water, i.e., the so-called Epsom salt. The mixture is prepared at the rate of 1 tablespoon of salt per 35-45 ml of water in a warm state.

Therapeutic features

To exclude the serious consequences of the pathology, the animal, first of all, must be given drugs that can stop fermentation, eliminate gas formation and relieve pain. In order for the rabbit’s stomach to stop swelling, such medicines are recommended

  • Espumizan. The most suitable remedy for children. The introduction of the drug is made with a pipette or syringe. The maximum dose for an animal is taken at the rate of 19-22 drops per 1 kg of body weight, and it is divided into 3 doses, which are administered every 2,5-3 hours (the average single dose is 2,2-2,3 ml.
  • Simethicone. It is considered an analogue of the previous remedy. Implementation form – tablet and suspension. At the initial stage, it is injected into the mouth of the animal every hour in an amount of 1,5-2,5 ml. After reducing the pain syndrome, the procedure is carried out 3 more times every 2,5-3 hours.
  • Tympanol. It should not be taken by rabbits. The agent is given as a mixture with water in a ratio of 1 to 4. During the day, Tympanol is taken 5-6 times.
  • When pathogenic microorganisms or infectious etiology of the disease are attached, antibiotics are given. The most commonly used Farmazin, which can be administered by injection or solution into the oral cavity.
  • To reduce pain allows the use of antispasmodics – No-shpa or Ketanol. They must be used carefully, and at a dose of not more than 0,25 ml per 1 kg of body weight of the animal.
  • To normalize intestinal motility, you can enter Metoclopramide or Ciasprid. A positive effect is achieved when using vegetable oil (1 teaspoon).
  • Glucose in the form of a solution or Ringer Locke helps to exclude dehydration of the rabbit’s body. Solutions are administered by injection according to the scheme – 3 times a day at a dosage of 8-9 ml per 1 kg of body weight.
  • Vitamins B. Their introduction is necessary to normalize the vitamin balance in the body and strengthen it.
  • Probiotics should be prescribed when using antibiotics, as well as to restore normal intestinal microflora. Bene Bak, Vetom, Zoovet are used.

In a severe course of the disease, blood circulation is disturbed, and certain dysfunctions of the internal organs occur. To stabilize the condition of the rabbit, oxygen is introduced, a dropper is placed, drugs based on Prednisolone and antibiotics are introduced. If the pathology has affected the caecum, then using a syringe with a cannula, it is punctured to remove gases. Be sure to provide an injection of B vitamins.

What to do if the rabbit has a swollen stomach and what is the best medicine to use?

When treating the disease, rabbits can be fed with hay and dried greens. An enhanced drinking regime is provided, and it is recommended to use cold tea brewed with chamomile. A decoction of hay is very useful. Vegetables and fruits are completely excluded from the diet.

Rabbit bloating is very life-threatening for the animal. It is possible to prevent serious consequences only by taking emergency measures when the first signs of the disease appear.

What to do if the rabbit has a swollen stomach and what is the best medicine to use?
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Anna Evans

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