What to do if rabbits have wet muzzles and how to treat?

Experienced rabbit breeders are well aware that if the muzzle of the animals becomes wet, then this does not bode well. After all, such signs most often indicate that the eared was struck by such a dangerous and, alas, common disease as biting biting. It is very important to know more about this disease, about its treatment, about prevention. So, if a cute rabbit has a wet muzzle, how to treat it?

What to do if rabbits have wet muzzles and how to treat?

About the disease and how it manifests itself

Mokrets is the popular name for rabbit stomatitis, this ailment is viral in nature and it affects only males, whose age is from 1 to 3 months. With such an ailment, the mucous membrane of the tongue and mouth becomes inflamed, saliva is also abundantly secreted and the nose becomes wet. The cause of such a disease is a filtering virus, and for a long time it can doze in the urine, saliva and blood of the animal. Animals that have only recently been weaned from their mothers are at the highest risk, and cubs that are still feeding from their mothers can also get sick.

It is noteworthy that such an ailment in rabbits is not characterized by a certain seasonality, however, the greatest case is observed in the spring and summer periods. Why is this happening? The fact is that most outbreaks of the disease can be observed when the number of young animals increases intensively, the immunity of the animals weakens, it is very crowded in the room where they are kept. Temperature fluctuations also have a negative effect, the humidity of the air rises, as the amount of precipitation increases.

What can be said about the symptoms

Stomatitis in an infectious form starts with the disease of the cubs when they are still in the nest. Moreover, only individual individuals become ill, and it is they, after they are placed in common rooms with young animals, that begin to infect the rest. Such a disease spreads quickly, so that the number of sick animals is growing exponentially. Thus, measures must be taken quickly enough, if this is not done, the consequences can be very negative. Suffice it to say that within a couple of weeks, almost all young animals can die! So the presence of dangerous symptoms should be a signal for action.

What to do if rabbits have wet muzzles and how to treat?

About the initial stage

At the very beginning, rabbits have a slight redness in the oral mucosa, while the discharge is plentiful. Such symptoms can be observed after the incubation period, its duration is from 2 to 4 days. A whitish coating appears not only on the tongue, but also on those parts of the labial mucosa where there are no teeth. As a result, the tongue acquires a white tint, begins to swell intensively, after a few days its hue becomes brown or dirty yellow. After that, the plaque peels off, after which small ulcers remain, the tongue acquires a bright scarlet color, and the ulcer remains alone, but large and located in the center.

After a couple of days have passed since the onset of the first symptoms, other manifestations of wood lice begin to develop. Saliva begins to stand out very profusely and it flows profusely. And, first of all, saliva flows from the mouth corners, as a result of which the hair around the nose and mouth begins to stick together, then it acquires a dark shade and a kind of mustache is obtained. And day by day saliva is allocated more and more abundantly.

About the acute form

After the secretion of saliva has reached its maximum intensity, the turn of other signs of such a disease comes. Animals begin to move very little, prefer to sit in the far corner of the cage or enclosure, but the main sign is that they all the time seem to be chomping and chewing something. Moreover, they eat well, the disease does not significantly affect the appetite, but for obvious reasons, it becomes more and more difficult for them to eat, so the animals begin to lose weight.

White saliva is observed along the edges of the lips, which appears in the form of foam, and the hair is wet both on the lower lip and under the jaw. The animal, in order to get rid of unpleasant sensations, constantly itches, and very soon it becomes unkempt, dirty, it is immediately clear that it is sick. By the way, it is because of such symptoms that the disease is called so. If the animal has loose stools, then such a sign is very bad, and if there is also diarrhea that is not controlled, then it is very bad.

If the circumstances are unfavorable, then the death of the animal may occur as early as the fifth day after the profuse salivation has begun. However, if effective treatment is started on time, then you can count on the fact that the disease will recede in one and a half, two weeks. Moreover, even if the animals have recovered, their hair on the muzzle remains glued for a long time, and often it generally falls out. Then on the naked skin you can observe ulcers and abscesses, and they heal for a very long time.

About the mild form

If infectious stomatitis goes away in animals in a non-acute mild form, then it may be that the symptoms go almost unnoticed. The oral cavity, of course, is also affected, however, it is not so intense. Saliva begins its discharge only in the corners of the mouth, and not so much, and after a couple such symptoms disappear. Thus, the appearance of animals practically does not change, the same can be said about the internal state. Unless it softens and becomes warmer. The young growth eats well and does not lose its mobility, but you canโ€™t say anything in the face.

What to do if rabbits have wet muzzles and how to treat?

About treatment

The treatment of such a disease can be different. Juveniles may respond to oral treatment, and injections into the muscles or under the skin may also be used. So, what can be used to treat such an ailment:

  • a two percent solution of copper sulphate, with this solution one should wipe the animals every day;
  • douching with a solution of potassium permanganate also gives a good result;
  • you can put a white streptocide in the rabbit’s mouth;
  • penicillin is actively and successfully used.

You can use non-traditional therapeutic methods, in this regard, a drug called Apidermin has proven itself well. It includes such useful components as honey, propolis and pollen; as a prophylactic, such a drug is simply irreplaceable. It has excellent analgesic qualities, effectively fights inflammation, strengthens the immune system and cells recover faster. That is, such treatment is very effective.

It is very important to start the treatment process in a timely manner, that is, you should not wait until the muzzle of the animal becomes wet. It is also very important to pay attention to the nutrition of animals, both during treatment and during the rehabilitation period. It must be necessarily well balanced, contain all the necessary vitamins and be easily absorbed by the body. In this regard, whole milk, cereals, yogurt are very useful, and you can also mix potatoes into the feed.

About preventive measures

As with all diseases, infectious stomatitis is much easier to prevent than to cure. To do this, you need not be lazy to carry out activities against epidemics of a preventive nature. Such events consist in the fact that the livestock must be carefully examined every day, paying special attention to the oral cavity and nose. And this is especially true for a rabbit that is still feeding from its mother, that is, the muzzles of rabbits should always be under the closest attention.

If a sick individual is found, it should be isolated immediately, and then the cells should be disinfected with a XNUMX% solution of caustic soda. It is also necessary to pay attention to animals that do not get sick, they should also be given medicines, but only half the dose. An excellent prophylactic is water with iodine, as well as a potassium permanganate solution, but not strong.

If after a couple of weeks, the rabbit that was treated no longer shows alarming signs of illness, then we can say about his recovery, and his meat is quite suitable for eating. However, even recovered individuals should not be used as producers, since the virus can simply doze in them, which can lead to disease in the offspring.

What to do if rabbits have wet muzzles and how to treat?
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Anna Evans

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