Cabbage has been a popular vegetable since ancient times. The peculiarity of this fruit is the high content of vitamins K and U, as well as iron, phosphorus, magnesium. At the same time, cabbage can be easily stored for up to 8 months without losing its beneficial qualities.
Types of cabbage and their characteristics
In the modern agricultural market, you can find a wide selection of this crop; you can easily grow Chinese, Peking and Brussels sprouts in your garden. Moreover, all these types of cabbage are grown in seedlings, and each type has its own cultivation characteristics and a large selection of useful qualities. Let’s highlight the most important types of cabbage that can be cultivated in temperate climates.
It ideally exists in a harsh cold climate, but needs a lot of light, moisture and high fertility of the soil. Depending on the variety, white cabbage differs in structure and weight. Due to its high fertility and the possibility of long storage, this particular vegetable is in great demand in Russia.
Seedlings are not afraid of frost, but a ripe plant no longer grows at high temperatures. The emergence of heads of cabbage is negatively affected by the lack of water. Moreover, the plant, regardless of the cultivation phase, actively sucks nutrient components from the soil, therefore, additional fertilizers must be added to cultivate a crop of production size.
This type of cabbage has many beneficial properties:
It contains a lot of vitamin C, which does not deform even when fermented, so constant intake allows you to increase immunity.
Vegetable juice is used to treat gastritis, ulcers and other diseases of the digestive tract.
Vegetable juice is used in cosmetology, as it has a rejuvenating effect.
The acids in the vegetable help remove excess water from the body by blocking the transformation of excess carbohydrates into adipose tissue.
Moreover, the constant intake of natural or sauerkraut helps to get rid of migraines and improve sleep.
Outwardly, red cabbage differs from white only in a red-purple tint. This vegetable can lie for a long time, but the cultivation method is the same. There are early, mid, and late varieties, and although they must be used raw, they are ideal for sourdough and pickling.
The useful qualities are impressive. If you cut
If you drink with white cabbage, this one contains much more vitamin C and carotene. In addition, it is equipped with minerals, proteins and iodine and is used for general strengthening of the immune system.
Cauliflower is one of the healthiest plants in the world. But for the cultivation of a vegetable, competent care is necessary. First of all, it is necessary to ensure constant irrigation, since dry soil will lead to dullness of the formation of heads.
Moreover, it requires additional feeding for the entire cultivation period. Usually it is fertilized with a mixture of mullein and nitrophoska. Compost should be added a couple of days after sowing and seedling. In the future, feeding should be repeated after 3 weeks.
The plant is adapted to any natural conditions, so there is no need to choose a variety based on the region. Culture is a leader in useful qualities:
Due to the low fiber content, these types of cauliflower should be taken by people with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
It contains a lot of protein, vitamin C and minerals that are easily absorbed by the body.
The vegetable is used to prevent cancer, and thanks to its valuable dietary qualities, it can even be taken by children.
Alas, many useful components are lost during heat treatment, therefore, to saturate the body with vitamins and minerals, it is better to use it raw.
Externally, broccoli looks like a colored, but the head is slightly different in shape. It includes branched stems with buds at the ends. The most popular are medium-ripe varieties.
Broccoli are not critical to temperature, lighting and soil, but grow poorly on oxidized soil. To get a high-quality crop, broccoli must be watered frequently, loosened and added boron-based fertilizers.
This type has many useful qualities. It contains a lot of proteins, carotene, folic acid, vitamin C. Eating natural broccoli is useful for people with obesity, atherosclerosis and cancer. But it is better to eat it raw or steam it to preserve the maximum amount of health benefits.
Kohlrabi differs in that a stem is added to the food, which can be round, flat or in the shape of an egg. Moreover, the fruits vary in color and size. The most popular are early kohlrabi varieties. The stem diameter can be 15 cm.
It is very tasty, crunchy, as it consists of water, but also contains a lot of vitamins and sugars. For the cultivation of kohlrabi, it is necessary to plant seedlings, which are transplanted in an open area at the age of 2-30 days. She is not afraid of cold and frost in spring, but requires fertile soil and constant irrigation.
Planting is carried out in rows, leaving a distance of 28 cm between the bushes, although in general, caring for kohlrabi does not differ from other types. But you can cultivate kohlrabi in an open area, choosing early varieties for this. Useful qualities consist of a high level of vitamin C, glucose, fructose, so diabetics and people with gastrointestinal problems need to eat this vegetable raw.
This species is not yet in demand in Russia. The main feature of the plant is considered to be small heads located in the axils of the leaves along the entire length of the stem. The head diameter is rarely more than 5 cm. The care of this crop is the same as for other species.
The only difference is that as the heads are formed, they are plucked and leaves are removed in order to start the growth of new heads. Harvesting takes place from August to October. The harvested crop can be stored for a long time both by the heads and directly on the stem, having removed the leaves in advance.
The usefulness of a vegetable is due to its beneficial characteristics. It contains all the vitamins of group B, C, E, folic acid and beta-carotene. The vegetable also contains proteins, fatty acids and minerals. Frequent use allows you to maintain youth and eliminate toxins from the body. What’s more, the plant contains mustard oils that give it a nutty flavor.
In appearance, Chinese cabbage resembles a hybrid of simple cabbage and lettuce. She has long heads with juicy leaves, which are added to food raw. Peking cabbage is an early maturing plant.
The duration of the formation of the latest varieties is no more than 80 days, and you can get a harvest from the earliest in 1,5 months. So the type can be cultivated with seedlings, in an open area, since the culture has a high resistance to frost. It is better to sow seeds in late April and early May, then in one year it will be possible to collect several crops at once. But light and water are important for culture, therefore, at the time of cultivation, the beds must be often irrigated and loosened.
The plant has many useful components for the body. For example, amino acids strengthen the immune system, and vitamins, types of cabbage and minerals have a positive effect on the work of the heart and blood vessels and the digestive system.