Infectious rhinitis in rabbits: main causes, methods of prevention and treatment

Those people who breed rabbits are well aware that one of the most common diseases in these eared animals is rhinitis. Despite the fact that a lot of interesting things have been written about this, it will not be superfluous to systematize the information. Infectious rhinitis in rabbits can develop for various reasons, and the symptoms can also be different. Rabbit infectious rhinitis spreads rapidly, so isolation of the infected person is needed immediately.

Infectious rhinitis in rabbits: main causes, methods of prevention and treatment

Why do rabbits start to sneeze

If the rabbit has certain symptoms, that is, he began to sneeze, then he fell ill with one of the following ailments:

  • allergy;
  • the rabbit caught a cold;
  • he became a victim of rhinitis, an infectious disease of a chronic nature.

If we talk about an allergic reaction, then rabbits usually react negatively to certain foods or some factors related to nature. However, most often allergies are caused by the most common dust. It should be noted that most of the dust is contained in hay, it is this that causes symptoms such as sneezing in rabbits most often. So do not keep animals in places where there is a lot of dust, the fact is that the respiratory system of rabbits is extremely sensitive, any adverse factors immediately affect it.

I must say that getting rid of such problems is not at all difficult, you just need to take care of the absence of dust. Of course, rabbits can also be allergic to various factors, but this is much less common.

Another source of a runny nose is the most common cold, and it occurs most often due to improper care of animals:

  • animals live in rooms in which it is damp and they are not ventilated;
  • they eat poorly, lack vitamins, which greatly weakens the body.

Rabbits, like people, most of the time get colds in autumn and winter, as well as in early spring. If you take care of them, then when it’s warm they don’t get sick.

Infectious rhinitis in rabbits: main causes, methods of prevention and treatment

Now, with regard to rhinitis itself. The cause of rhinitis are various kinds of infections. Moreover, it can be spread by airborne droplets, and common utensils can also cause spread. Notably, the infection can be transmitted to rabbits and other animals, cats and dogs. If animals have weakened immunity, have a cold in a chronic form, they are in contact with other animals, then all this is fertile ground for the spread of rhinitis.

How the disease develops

If we talk about the symptoms of rhinitis, then they can be observed within a few days after infection. If you need accuracy, then a maximum of a week everything becomes clear. Moreover, the disease occurs most often on an individual basis, that is, everyone has different ways. If treatment is not started on time, then the consequences of rhinitis can be the saddest, the rabbit can die in one and a half to two months. Rhinitis in all rabbits develops differently, can recover themselves, and can die with serious treatment.

The development of rhinitis can also occur in a chronic form, and the symptoms here do not manifest themselves so strongly, which makes it difficult to determine the disease. It is not uncommon for sick animals to live for another year and a half, and then their meat was quite suitable for food.

What is the danger of chronic rhinitis? And the fact that it can lead to inflammation of the lungs, then the bronchi completely cease to function, which causes death. Such meat is not suitable for food.

What are the symptoms of the disease

The very first sign to raise the alarm is the sneezing of a rabbit and its snot. If any individual shows such symptoms, then it must be quickly isolated from other animals so that it does not re-infect. However, do not think that if a rabbit has snot, then we are talking exclusively about rhinitis. Most often, these are symptoms of the most banal cold.

You can also determine the well-being of a rabbit by its nose. So, if the animal is healthy, then his nose is pink. If the nose begins to redden, enlarge, become inflamed, there is a purulent discharge, then here we can already talk about rhinitis, while it is still at an early stage. If everything is left as is, the symptoms will be such that you do not need to be an experienced rabbit breeder to understand that the animal is sick. Suffice it to say that rabbit cheeks are covered with a purulent coating, this is a very bad sign.

If a rabbit is sick, it constantly scratches its nose, which quickly leads to the formation of a crust. Also, the symptoms are as follows – it is difficult for a rabbit to breathe, he eats poorly, loses weight, and moves little. All this suggests that the animal was struck by rhinitis in a chronic form.

Treatment of a disease in a rabbit

If you need to make an accurate diagnosis, separating chronic rhinitis from the common cold, then you can not do without the help of a qualified veterinarian. To do this, you first need a blood test. So it is recommended to start the treatment process with general measures, then the result may be better than when using medications.

If the rabbit is sick, the first thing to do is to isolate it from other animals, and the equipment must be sanitized. For disinfection, you can simply use boiling water. XNUMX% formalin also helps a lot, with which everything can be processed. You also need to pay special attention to the nutrition of animals. If the rabbit lacks vitamins, then you can always buy them at a veterinary pharmacy. Such vitamins need to be added to food, as well as to diversify the nutritious diet, such simple measures can seriously increase the chances of recovery.

However, it happens that such measures do not lead to the desired result, then it is necessary to switch to traditional treatment, you can also use the methods of traditional medicine. It should be noted that there are many therapeutic methods, it is necessary to talk about the most common ones.

You can instill penicillin in rabbits, just with a pipette in the nose. This procedure should be carried out a couple of times a day, a maximum of 2 weeks. It should also be borne in mind that rabbits are not enthusiastic about such a procedure, therefore, during the procedure, it must be held tightly, for which 2 people are needed, one drips, the second holds.

You can also add biomycin to food, which is inexpensive and time-tested, you just need to mix it with warm water and add it to the animals in food. Inhalation helps a lot from the disease, here you can use essential oil or herbal decoctions. You can use herbs such as mint, thyme, fennel, sage. It should be borne in mind that one drop of oil involves the use of two liters of water.

Infectious rhinitis in rabbits: main causes, methods of prevention and treatment

If the rabbit is planned to be inhaled, he is placed in a separate cage, the glass of which must be permeable. A pot of broth is placed next to the cage, and it should not be accessible to the rabbit. The pan needs to be wrapped up, then the animal will breathe exactly hot steam, which is required for effective treatment. You just need to make sure that the animal does not sting its eyes and that there is an acceptable temperature, and you should also not forget about the crack through which fresh air should flow.

It should be noted that after such a procedure, the discharge from the nose will become more abundant, so you need to wipe them periodically.

You can also carry out inhalation in a cold way, devices for this can be bought at a veterinary pharmacy. This is where sea salt vapor comes in handy. Injections containing antibiotics are also widely used, there is a huge selection of such drugs. However, antibiotics are not only powerful but can also cause negative side effects, so it is important to have a blood test and consult a veterinarian before using them.

Something about diet

When treating animals, special attention should be paid to their diet. At the same time, there are no special restrictions, food should be made more varied, more vitamins, greens (moreover, not very dried greens are great). Herbs such as mint, chamomile and dill are great for maintaining rabbit immunity. You just need to brew them to cool and water the animals.

It should be noted that a sick rabbit needs constant warmth, so when it’s cold it needs to be taken into the house.

preventive measures

In order to prevent such diseases, everything should be done to keep the rabbits warm in winter. And the room should not only be warm, there should be no drafts, dampness. It should be borne in mind that it is much easier to prevent the appearance of rhinitis in rabbits than to treat it later. And treatment can be long and far from always successful, even with the use of antibiotics. So, in order not to think about how to treat, you need to prevent the disease in the rabbit.

Infectious rhinitis in rabbits: main causes, methods of prevention and treatment
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Anna Evans


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