Very often, in cabbage beds, you can find a large number of pests that spoil the crop. To get rid of insects and keep the forks intact, you can spray cabbage with valerian. It is not recommended to treat plants with chemicals, so you can use folk remedies, which are no less effective.
What insects can you get rid of with valerian tincture?
The problem of pests on cabbage is of great concern to many gardeners and gardeners. The fight is complicated by the fact that the parasites crawl inside the fork and hide under the leaves. For a long time, they may not show themselves in any way, and the gardener may not realize that a significant part of the crop has already been damaged.
Most often, the following insects can be found in cabbage beds:
The horseradish leaf beetle, or as it is also called – babanukha, is a tiny bug with black wings with a greenish-metallic sheen and brown legs. In June, females gnaw shallow pits in the leaves and lay their eggs there, from which the larvae hatch.
Barid is a small bug, with a body diameter of about 3-4 mm, a deep blue shade with a metallic sheen. The wings of the parasite are covered with grooves. The main sign of its appearance on the bushes is the yellowing of the leaves and the formation of small growths on them.
Another common parasite that can often be found on cruciferous crops. The whitefly is very similar in appearance to the molar Lepidoptera. The body is white or red-yellow.
Outwardly similar to an ordinary fly, only smaller. Fly larvae feed on cabbage leaves.
The wavy flea is a small black beetle with yellow stripes on its wings, about 3 mm long. Wavy flea larvae are up to 5 mm long.
Also, very often on plants you can find a large number of aphids and cabbage butterflies.
Cabbage heads should be periodically inspected for the presence of these insects and at the first signs of appearance they can be sprayed with valerian.
Valerian with soap from pests
One of the most effective remedies against pests is a solution of valerian pharmacy with the addition of soap. You can use regular liquid soap, but it is better to use laundry soap.
At the first signs of illness and the appearance of insects on seedlings, it must be urgently treated with a solution of valerian. For its preparation, you should take 3 liters of water and 1 bottle of alcoholic tincture of valerian root. You need to take 2 tbsp of liquid soap. l. Dissolve all ingredients in water and spray on all bushes, even those that at first glance are quite healthy.
If it rains heavily after a few days, re-treatment is required.
For a month before harvesting, forks can be treated with ammonia for prophylaxis. To do this, dilute 1 bottle of ammonia and laundry soap in 5 liters of water, and then process all the plants.
Tincture of valerian for cabbage from pests will help to cope with the invasion of insects even without using soap. You can also plant valerian medicinal bushes in the beds. Valerian has a strong scent that repels pests.
Valerian juice from insects
Spraying with valerian juice is also effective in controlling pests that feed on cabbage leaves. To prepare this product, you need to take 1 kg of fresh stems and leaves of the plant, and scroll through a meat grinder. Then squeeze the juice through cheesecloth, pour it into a glass jar and refrigerate. There it can be stored for up to one month. If necessary, 10 drops of juice should be diluted in 10 liters of pesticide solution and treated cabbage beds with this agent.
Decoction of valerian root and tobacco leaves from insects on cabbage
To quickly get rid of parasites on cabbage bushes, you can use a decoction of tobacco leaves with valerian. For 5 liters of water, you need to take 500 grams of fresh tobacco leaves and 200 grams of fresh valerian root. Put on low heat and bring to boiling point.
After the broth boils, it must be removed from the heat and put in a dark place so that it cools down to room temperature and infused. The next day, they can be sprayed on cabbage beds. The procedure is recommended to be carried out twice a week, until the insects completely disappear from the plants.
If after some time after spraying it was pouring rain, then the next day the treatment with decoction of tobacco leaves and valerian root must be repeated.
For prevention, you can process beds with vegetables, which are located next to the cabbage. This will help prevent the reappearance of parasites.