Eustoma (lat. Eustoma) or lisianthus (lat. Lisianthus), gentian family. Biennial herbaceous flowering plant with flowers of various shades, highly branching. It is grown both outdoors and at home.
There are more than 10 varieties of cabbage in the world, each of which contains many varieties and hybrids, and their number only increases every year.
Sowing dates for cabbage
The most popular species grown in central Russia have the following sowing dates:
- white cabbage: from 10 to 25 March for early varieties, from 10 to 15 April – for mid-season and late;
- colored and broccoli: mid-March to late May;
- Savoy: from 10 to 20 March early varieties, from 5 to 15 April – medium and late.
The most optimal seedling age for planting in open soil:
- for white cabbage: from 30 to 35 days for late varieties, from 45 to 60 – for early maturing;
- for colored: from 45 to 50 days;
- for the Savoyard: from 35 to 50 days;
- for broccoli: 33-40 days.
Both purchased seeds and harvested independently are suitable for growing. The acquired planting material does not need pre-sowing preparation and soaking. Such seeds can be sown dry directly into boxes with soil.
Sowing rules for cabbage
Unprepared grains must first be disinfected in a 1% solution of potassium permanganate, and then quenched by keeping them in warm water + 50 ° C for 20 minutes. Then they are placed in cold water for a couple of minutes and dried.
Before sowing, seeds are stratified: they are laid out on a damp cloth and kept for a day at a temperature of + 1-2 ° C. This procedure will ensure friendly shoots of young shoots. The seeds are sown in light, loose soil based on peat (75%) with the addition of earth (20%) and sand (5%).
Do not place the seeds too close and densely. There should be a distance of at least 1 cm between the seeds, and at least 3 cm between the rows.This is due to the fact that many varieties and hybrids do not need picking, so the seedlings will be in the box until they are planted in the open ground (this information is indicated on packaging).
Excessive soil moistening is not recommended, as this can lead to black leg disease of seedlings. Before the emergence of shoots, it is necessary to monitor the temperature of the substrate, it should not fall below + 20 ° C. After the emergence of sprouts, it can be reduced to + 10 ° C.