Coccidiosis in rabbits and treatment with folk remedies

One of the most commonly diagnosed diseases in rabbit farms is coccidiosis or isosporiasis. What is coccidiosis? This is a pathology provoked by the simplest parasites – coccidia. About 10 varieties of coccidia can live in the body of lagomorphs. One of them affects the liver, all the rest – the intestines. Accordingly, coccidiosis in rabbits can be hepatic and intestinal.

Coccidiosis in rabbits and treatment with folk remedies

All types of coccidia are strictly species-specific, that is, they parasitize only on one or close species of animals, therefore rabbit coccidiosis is not dangerous for other types of domestic animals and for humans.

Essence of pathology

The causative agents of coccidiosis enter the external environment along with the feces of infected animals and exist in the form of oocysts, which are very resistant to environmental conditions. Disinfectants have little effect on them. The temperature is 50 degrees, parasites in this form can withstand for 15 minutes. But when boiled, the oocysts die within a few seconds.

Penetrating into the body, coccidia do not always cause disease. With strong immunity and good living conditions, rabbits in this case become carriers of the infection without showing signs of the disease.

Ways of infection

Infection of animals with pathology occurs in alimentary ways. The causative agents of the disease can enter the body along with feed and water if hygienic requirements are not observed when keeping animals. The most common way for parasites to enter occurs when rabbits eat the excrement of infection carriers. Infection of suckling rabbits can occur during feeding if oocysts are present on the nipples of the rabbit. The likelihood of infection increases with crowded keeping of animals, with untimely and poor-quality cleaning of the premises where long-eared animals are kept.

Poor feeding and inappropriate housing environment (dampness, drafts) weaken the already weak immunity of these animals and can lead to an outbreak of the disease among the livestock. Contributing to the emergence and development of this pathology is an excess of protein components in the diet of rabbits, for example, fresh or dried cow’s milk, wheat bran or alfalfa.

The causative agents of coccidiosis can be carried by rodents (mice, rats), birds and insects. Also, their distribution is possible on shoes, clothing of service personnel and through non-clean inventory.

Most often, the disease occurs in young individuals at the time of transition from feeding rabbit milk to the main feed. Adult animals get sick less often, but when the immune system is weakened, they are also exposed to the disease. The occurrence of this disease is most likely in the spring, when rabbits eat juicy green fodder.

Symptoms of coccidiosis

After infection with an infection for 2-3 days, the disease does not manifest itself in any way. During this time, the disease goes through an incubation period. Then, depending on the type of pathogen, clinical symptoms begin to develop. Intestinal coccidiosis of rabbits, the symptoms of which develop quite quickly, begins with an acute indigestion, which can be expressed by diarrhea or alternating diarrhea and constipation. In this case, bloating is almost always observed. In the feces, the presence of mucus and bloody streaks is possible.

Animals begin to refuse food and become lethargic. At the same time, they develop an unnatural thirst. Lack of nutrition leads to depletion of the body and a deterioration in the quality of the coat, which becomes dull and untidy in appearance. Post-mortem examination in the intestinal form reveals inflammation of the intestinal mucosa and numerous small white nodules along its entire length. These are clusters of oocysts. Their size ranges from fractions of a millimeter to 2 millimeters. Lack of therapy leads to death within 10-14 days.

When the liver is affected, the symptoms of the pathology are less pronounced. All the same, but less pronounced symptoms are possible. At the same time, yellowness of the mucous tissues is also noted. There are also violations of the central nervous system, which are expressed in convulsions. Within a few weeks of illness, the animal becomes severely emaciated.

The duration of this form of the disease varies from one to two months. Transition to a chronic form is possible. If the rabbit recovers on its own, it remains a source of infection for a long time and poses a threat of infection to other individuals. Therefore, such animals are recommended to be kept separately from the rest.

Coccidiosis in rabbits and treatment with folk remedies

At autopsy, small white nodules are found in the liver, which is greatly enlarged in size. In this case, there is a pathological proliferation of connective tissue and an increase in the diameter of the bile ducts.

In many cases, the intestinal form is combined with the hepatic form. Signs of coccidiosis in a rabbit in this case are quite active, but a favorable outcome of the disease without treatment is unlikely.

Principles of treatment

This pathology is well treatable. The main thing is to start it on time. To begin with, all sick or suspicious animals are isolated. The cells where they were kept are thoroughly washed and disinfected. The method of disinfection using a steam generator has proven itself perfectly. The room where sick animals are kept must be isolated from drafts, clean and dry.

Coccidiosis in rabbits and treatment with folk remedies

It is possible to treat coccidiosis in rabbits using pharmaceutical preparations, such as Metronidazole, Biseptol, Norsulfazol, Amprolium, Furazolidone.

Treatment with sulfonamides, in view of their high efficiency, is carried out in five-day courses. Drugs are added to feed or water. It is important to observe the dosage of the drug. So the daily dose of Sulfadimethoxin is calculated based on the proportion of 0,2 g per 1 kg of animal weight.

Coccidiosis in rabbits can be treated by combining various drugs. In this case, the treatment will be more effective. So Norsulfozol can be used in combination with Ftalazol. Furazolidone is less effective, but also less toxic. Its dosage is calculated as follows: 30 mg of the drug per 1 kg of animal weight or 0,05 g per 1 kg of dry food. The course of treatment lasts a week.

Coccidia are able to develop resistance to drugs and, over time, the drug becomes less effective against parasites. Therefore, it is not advisable to use a single drug for a long time for treatment.

The latest veterinary drugs, such as Baycox, Solikox, are most effective in treating rabbit coccidiosis. They are available in the form of solutions. You can cure rabbits with these drugs in just two days. They are poured undiluted into the mouth of rabbits or watered as a solution, adding to drinkers. A single dose of Solikoks can be determined at the rate of 0,4 ml of the drug per 1 kg of animal weight, Baykoks take 0,2 ml per 1 kg of live weight.

For prevention, these funds must be soldered to rabbits in two-day courses, which are repeated after five days. These drugs can be administered to sick animals and by injection. Since these drugs are potent against coccidia, parasites do not have time to develop resistance to them.

Before starting treatment, you must obtain precise instructions from your veterinarian. Violation of the dosage, the duration of the therapeutic or prophylactic course, the use of an ineffective drug can greatly worsen the situation and affect the health of even healthy rabbits.

Traditional methods of treatment

The cheapest, but quite effective treatment for coccidiosis in rabbits may be the use of iodine preparations. Iodine has antiseptic and antioxidant properties. Due to this, its use prevents the growth and reproduction of coccidia and neutralizes the toxic effect of protein breakdown products. Weak solutions of iodine replace ordinary drinking water. Treatment and prevention is carried out with a 0,01% solution, which is prepared by diluting one milliliter of 10% iodine solution or 2 milliliters of 5% liter of boiled water.

In order to avoid contracting this disease in young rabbits in the first days of their life, pregnant rabbits begin to give iodine solutions about five days before birth and continue for another five days after. Then you need to organize a break for a few days. After that, the nursing rabbit and her rabbits are given a 0,02% iodine tincture for another two weeks.

At the time of separation from the mother and transfer to the main feed, it is necessary to drink the rabbits with 0,01 iodine solution for ten days. Then spend a five-day break and repeat the course, but with a 0,02% solution. For the treatment of sick rabbits, the same treatment regimen is used. Since iodine is the strongest oxidizing agent, its solutions cannot be made in metal utensils. In this case, it is also better to use plastic drinkers.

Lactic acid can also be used to treat coccidiosis in rabbits. This folk remedy has no contraindications and contributes to the rapid restoration of normal intestinal flora. The scheme of treatment and prevention of pregnant rabbits and their offspring and the concentration of lactic acid solution is the same as when using iodine solutions.

Lactic acid has a beneficial effect on the long-eared digestive system, strengthening it. This significantly reduces the risk of developing the disease. The effectiveness of treating rabbits for coccidiosis increases significantly with the introduction of fermented milk products into the diet.

disease prevention

The most important preventive condition for reducing the risk of isosporosis in rabbit farms is the observance of sanitary rules and standards for keeping rabbits. Prevention of coccidiosis in rabbits includes regular cleaning and disinfection of rabbit cages. The absence of excrement in feed and drinking water will reduce the likelihood of this pathology.

Coccidiosis in rabbits and treatment with folk remedies

It is best to use automatic drinkers, and install feeders in such a way as to minimize the possibility of falling into them of excrement spilling feed on the floor. Good keeping conditions, lack of dampness and drafts, optimal temperature conditions will also contribute to the good health of animals. The inclusion of vitamin and mineral supplements in feed and the exclusion of protein products stabilize the weak immunity of rabbits. It is better not to give fresh juicy grass to young rabbits. It should be a little dry.

It is impossible to leave sick animals in the breeding stock, as they are a source of infection. The products of their slaughter (meat, skins) can be used, and it is better to burn the insides to prevent the spread of infection. All purchased animals must be kept in quarantine for one month.

The health of rabbits is very vulnerable, therefore, only if all hygiene and veterinary rules are observed, successful reproduction and profit in the rabbit farm is possible.

Coccidiosis in rabbits and treatment with folk remedies
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Anna Evans

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